Our adventurous birding this time (25 October - 02 November 2016) is more like a country road, across the “African van Java” of Baluran then Waterbirds-paradise of Serangan (Bali) to the Home for Trio endemics Lesser Sunda (Rinjani Scops Owl, Elegant Pitta & Cinnamon-banded Kingfisher) at Kerandangan Nature Recreation Park, Lombok.
With six person on the car we drive starting at night from Malang. During on the car we spent the time to sleep, save our energy. Our first destination was Kerandangan NRP, but we firstly stayed for take a rest at Baluran NP in day-one morning. While sun rising we heard several Large-tailed Nightjars behind the trees at north direction to Bekol savannah. Then Javan Kingfisher sing at perch on top canopy, while the pairs of Scarlet-headed Flowerpeckers flew from one branch to other. Slowly the fisrt sun for Java getting warm and high.
After a welcome rest in Baluran, we continue drive to Gilimanuk that directly we get ferry to accross Bali. We still able to seen Striated Swallow and Pacific Swift fly around the harbor. Below the bridge which connected ferry with port are the nest for that birds. While the ferry start to across Bali strait, we move to the roof looking for migratory raptor. But we are not lucky because may the birds has move into Bali last week. Luckily we still able to see Greater Crested Tern and Little Tern, fly across the strait and occasionally flopped to the sea.
Arrived in Bali at noon then we continue to Serangan while waiting night come for cross to Lombok, mark time to birding in waterbirds-paradise. We scoped from the roadside which upper then the mangrove switch to the south into tidal area, a bay layered by sand-flat where the birds remain. We seen many species such as Sacred Kingfisher, Cormorants; Little Pied & Little Black, Egrets; Great, Intermediate & Little, Plovers; Javan, Little Ringed, Lesser Sand, Greater Sand & Grey, Common Sandpiper, Common Greenshank, Common Redshank, Whimbrel, Eurasian and Far Eastern Curlew, Bar-tailed Godwit, Beach Stone-curlew, Red-necked Stint and many more.
Before the dusk we transferred to a different area and finally scored with a good performance from couples Sunda Teal and Cerulean Kingfisher fly away in font of us. Closing for the day then at night we continue the journey drive into Padang bay port for crossing to Lombok.
In the next day at morning we arrived at Lembar Port, welcomed by beatiful scenery of beach covered thinly mist with hills and top of Mt. Rinjani for the background, quiet waves like a carpet, and slowly the sun rising then burn the horizon also morning skies.
Kerandangan Nature Recreation Park, a lowland forest surrounded by hills and cross with river flow from hills at the east to the west. Finally we arrived at noon, then trying the luck to Elegant Pitta around campground. Sadly we only heard the song from any directions, hard to find this bird because the green upper-part and yellowish lower-part blending into the lush.
We hung around until dark and after some patient waiting we enjoyed superb views of a Rinjani Scops Owl right overhead. It easy to recognized by the song and way it flight above us until perched ten meters from the ground.
At the morning we split into two groups, first went to Nipah hill for migratory raptors. the rest group birding in the area for Elegant Pitta and other birds. Nipah hill was like a short peninsula extend to the west, like a west-end Lombok Island. Large open area so we can scoped 360 degrees wait until the Raptor passing by. Coming from the Bali head to the east, right in front of us.
With several minutes after arrived we seen the raptor such as Oriental-honey Buzzard, Chinese Sparrowhawk and Japanese Sparrowhawk flashed on the side of us, sometimes they fly above us closely or below with sea for the background. Before we finished a single Western Osprey fly and gliding to the east for end the birding.
During in Krandangan, we also attended the “7th Pertemuan Pengamat Burung Indonesia (7th Annual Gathering Indonesian Birder)” with about 70 birders from Sumatra, Kalimantan, Java, Bali and Nusa Tenggara. We discussed about our activity in last one year. The main focus of discussed were about the progress Indonesian Bird Atlas which citizen science are the motor movement.
At the Kerandangan trail head to the waterfall, we seen various resident birds such as Wallacean Drongo are being brood in the treetops near the river, a pair Orange-footed Scrubfowl, Rufous-chested Flycatcher, and Black-naped Monarch. At night around the camp we also found Red-legged Crake perched behind the bushes.
Next we return to the Serangan, completing the list of waterbirds and resident. It starts early in the day at the west form of mangrove areas with stagnant water tidal we seen Sunda Teal in a group of about almost hundreds and at the sand-flat we seen such as White-tailed Tropicbird, Sharp-tailed Sandpiper, Asian Dowitcher among the shorebirds and terns. At the afternoon we finished birding and go back across Java.
In the next day we arrived at Baluran NP, during the day we headed to Evergreen for Red Junglefowl, Javan-banded Pitta and Oriental-dwarf Kingfisher. On the roadside Batangan-Bekol near the bridge Curah-Uling a pair of Red Junglefowl located on the forest floor. Foraging by scavenging foliage. Occasionally crowing behind thick Evergreen trees. A single Oriental-dwarf Kingfisher fly around the dry river then perched on the Lianas. We missed the Javan Banded Pitta.
In the early afternoon we continued toward Savannah Bekol, a dry grasslands with trees interlude. We waited group of Javan Deer and Water Buffalo as attractive to the group of Black-winged Starling. This bird follows by riding on the back to the a group of Javan Deer, occasionally drop to the ground. In the surroundings a single male Green Peafowl pecking from the ground. Females Green Peafowl are away across the savannah.
In the last day we went back again to Evergreen for the Javan Banded Pitta at the morning when the birds are still active sing as well as more chances to see it. From behind the trees these birds appear on the forest floor. Before we returned, from a distance of about 300 meters headed to the Batangan we see the adult Javan Leopard follow the roadside. We have not had time to approach, because it disturbed by visitors coming from the direction of Batangan. Javan Leopard ends our birding trip that fairly strenuous but still delightful.
Participants: Swiss Winasis BP., Ahmad Yanuar, Arif Budiawan, Nurdin Setio Budi, Imam Taufiqqurahman, Waskito Kukuh W.
Sunda Teal | Anas gibberifrons
Orange-footed Scrubfowl | Megapodius reinwardt
Green Junglefowl | Gallus varius
Red Junglefowl | Gallus gallus
Green Peafowl | Pavo muticus
Australasian Grebe | Tachybaptus novaehollandiae
White-tailed Tropicbird | Phaethon lepturus lepturus
Black-crowned Night Heron | Nycticorax nycticorax
Striated Heron | Butorides striata
Javan Pond Heron | Ardeola speciosa
Eastern Cattle Egret | Bubulcus coromandus
Grey Heron | Ardea cinerea
Purple Heron | Ardea purpurea
Great Egret | Ardea alba
Intermediate Egret | Egretta intermedia
Little Egret | Egretta garzetta
Pacific Reef Heron | Egretta sacra
Little Pied Cormorant | Microcarbo melanoleucos
Little Black Cormorant | Phalacrocorax sulcirostris
Western Osprey | Pandion haliaetus
Crested Honey Buzzard | Pernis ptilorhynchus
Crested Serpent Eagle | Spilornis cheela
Chinese Sparrowhawk | Accipiter soloensis
Japanese Sparrowhawk | Accipiter gularis
Red-legged Crake | Rallina fasciata
White-breasted Waterhen | Amaurornis phoenicurus
Barred Buttonquail | Turnix suscitator
Beach Stone-curlew | Esacus magnirostris
White-headed Stilt | Himantopus leucocephalus
Pacific Golden Plover | Pluvialis fulva
Grey Plover | Pluvialis squatarola
Little Ringed Plover | Charadrius dubius
Javan Plover | Charadrius javanicus
Lesser Sand Plover | Charadrius mongolus
Greater Sand Plover | Charadrius leschenaultii
Oriental Plover | Charadrius veredus
Asian Dowitcher | Limnodromus semipalmatus
Black-tailed Godwit | Limosa limosa
Bar-tailed Godwit | Limosa lapponica
Whimbrel | Numenius phaeopus
Eurasian Curlew | Numenius arquata
Far Eastern Curlew | Numenius madagascariensis
Common Redshank | Tringa totanus
Common Greenshank | Tringa nebularia
Grey-tailed Tattler | Tringa brevipes
Common Sandpiper | Actitis hypoleucos
Ruddy Turnstone | Arenaria interpres
Great Knot | Calidris tenuirostris
Red-necked Stint | Calidris ruficollis
Long-toed Stint | Calidris subminuta
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper | Calidris acuminata
Curlew Sandpiper | Calidris ferruginea
Gull-billed Tern | Gelochelidon nilotica
Greater Crested Tern | Thalasseus bergii
Lesser Crested Tern | Thalasseus bengalensis
Little Tern | Sternula albifrons
Common Tern | Sterna hirundo
Whiskered Tern | Chlidonias hybrida
White-winged Tern | Chlidonias leucopterus
Island Collared Dove | Streptopelia bitorquata
Spotted Dove | Spilopelia chinensis
Common Emerald Dove | Chalcophaps indica
Zebra Dove | Geopelia striata
Pink-necked Green Pigeon | Treron vernans
Grey-cheeked Green Pigeon | Treron griseicauda
Rusty-breasted Cuckoo | Cacomantis sepulcralis
Sunda Scops Owl | Otus lempiji | Heard Only
Rinjani Scops Owl | Otus jolandae
Spotted Wood Owl | Strix seloputo | Heard Only
Large-tailed Nightjar | Caprimulgus macrurus | Heard Only
Savanna Nightjar | Caprimulgus affinis
Grey-rumped Treeswift | Hemiprocne longipennis
Cave Swiftlet | Collocalia linchi
Pacific Swift | Apus pacificus
Javan Kingfisher | Halcyon cyanoventris
Collared Kingfisher | Todiramphus chloris
Sacred Kingfisher | Todiramphus sanctus
Cerulean Kingfisher |