Bima, Sumbawa Island
Birding in part of Lesser Sunda archipelago that many people even Indonesian still confused with Sumbawa and Sumba, it's totally different island!. It's lies to adjacent to Lombok and west-north of Sumba. Bima is eastern part of the Sumbawa island.
Duration to birding: 3-4 Days.
There are three birding spots to clean up bird list on the Bima area:
1. Madapangga Nature Reserve
TWA Madapangga is located in the west of Bima city with a distance of about 45 Km or takes about 1 hour drive by car. The area of 232 Hectares is administratively in the village of Ndano, Bolo sub-district, Bima district, West Nusa Tenggara Province.
This nature park is a source of water for the dryness surrounding area. Residents around the area are very dependent on the river and its springs. In the morning and evening could be meet with residents who bathe or wash clothes in the river that is located exactly on the road which connecting Bima with Sumbawa city. The topography of this location is generally hilly with a slope of 15 - 40 degrees, only a small part is a relatively flat area with varying heights from 200 to 600 m above sea level.
Birding spots are relatively easy to reach, such as follows the loop-track of the camping ground, around the river, and garden of the pool. We tried all those spots while we were there. Elegant Pitta, White-rumped Kingfisher, and Flame-breasted Sunbird are the icons for the area.
2. Degradated forest around Kaowa village
Flores Hawk-eagle often recorded here. Lambitu sub-district 2 hours heading to the east of center Bima city. In this hilly village is widely used as a garden or farm area by residents with the rest of the monsoon forest on each hilltop. Birding spots are located around the village water springs and the edge of forests after farm area that close enough to residents' houses.
Located at eastern-coast of Bima city, take to 1 hours and 30 minutes (50 Km) drive time from city center. The habitat for looking birds in Sape is around river with dense vegetation. Perfect to looking Nusatenggara Paradise Flycatcher. Also around coastline for waterbirds.
Transportation and Accomodation
Birding will be easy especially to reach birding spot in Bima by hire a car that plenty available in Bima city. We recommend to stay in Hotel around in Bima city since the birding spot is not far enough.