Javan Blue-banded Kingfisher & Other Birds from Pekalongan, Central Java
Javan Blue-banded Kingfisher (Alcedo euryzona) is one of the endemic kingfisher in Java island. Described by Temminck on 1830 from the island. On IUCN-redlist, this species listed as Critically Endangered (CR) that remaining population assumed to be fewer than 250 mature individuals.
There are only a few new records since 1930 of Halimun Salak NP, West Java. Then, in 2018 we heard news from our friend that he found the bird in Pekalongan, Central Java. it became an eastern record for the Javan Blue-banded Kingfisher on the island of Java.
Finally we have a chance to go there, invited by Wawan from SwaraOwa. We were invited to share our knowledge about avitourism to the local communities and villager around the site.
SwaraOwa has since 2007 conducted research on primates especially Javan Gibbon at this location, as well as mentoring local communities to reduce pressure on forests by providing a sustainable green economy.
So, 5th July 2019 we arrived in the location at night from Jogja. We stayed on one of the villager.
On the next day, i went to river just about 500 meter from the house i stayed with Imam to looking this kingfisher.
Until noon we did not see it, then we back to the house for break and then attended discussion section with locals.
We have fullday birding on the rest day spent in the location (07-11 July 2019, off on 09 July 2019).
Adin joined on 07 July 2019, we focused to looking Javan Blue-banded Kingfisher. Waiting in the river, hiding with just big rock that so plenty in there. Finally, at around 11.00 am the male birds flush from upstream then perched on the rock 100 meters away from our hiding. It was stayed just about 2 minutes before it fly to the downstream.
We followed it to the downstream 1 Km away from first spot. Spent the time until almost dark, we ended the day by back to the house. At least we're has lifer of this species, especially me.
Then on 08th July 2019 we tried birding in other location where highland birds for the target.
The location is part of the stretch of the Dieng mountains. This is remaining montane forest among vegetables fields.
During morning to noon we encountered many highland endemic and resident birds, one of the highlight is Brown-throated Barbet. Limbo!!!
It was lucky day, the barbet foraged in fruiting tree that just about 10 meters above the ground.
On 11.00 pm we're walked out the forest, upon arriving at the boundary of the forest and vegetable fields we heard the sound of Javan Bush-warbler around 4 sources of sound.
We stopped and tried to find the species, from behind the bush we managed to see it.
After lunch we did not birding because of rain fall until dark.
Then on 10-11 July i went birding by my own to get good encounter with Javan Blue-banded Kingfisher.
I tried several place that usually used for by this endemic kingfisher.
Until the last day in the afternoon, when I came down almost to the river, I saw a kingfisher who was perched on a rock on the river bank.
I used Binocular to confirm, it turns out that it is true that the one perched on the rock is Javan Blue-banded Kingfihser.
Immediately I approached to get clear vision. With a distance of about 50 meters from this bird, it is clear that the bird is a female. Seen from browner upperparts, rufous loral spot and neck patch, rufous belly, orange-red lower mandible.
Finally, i also got the good vision of this bird for about 10 minutes before it flew leaving the area towards the upstream.
This is an amazing experience, encountered one of the kingfisher that is very rarely observed.
So, during 4 days birding in Pekalongan, Central Java here's a list of birds that I met:
Javan Blue-banded Kingfisher / Alcedo euryzona
Banded Kingfisher / Lacedo pulchella
Ruddy Cuckoo-dove / Macropygia emiliana
Common Emerald Dove / Chalcophaps indica
Cave Swiftlet / Collocalia linchi
Yellow-eared Barbet / Psilopogon australis
Black-winged Flycatcher-shrike / Hemipus hirundinaceus
Sooty-headed Bulbul / Pycnonotus aurigaster
Sunda Forktail - Enicurus velatus
White-crowned Forktail / Enicurus leschenaulti
Horsfield's Babbler / Malacocinla sepiarium
Pygmy Bushtit / Psaltria exilis
Orange-bellied Flowerpecker / Dicaeum trigonostigm
Javan Sunbird / Aethopyga mystacalis
Flame-fronted Barbet / Psilopogon armilaris
Long-tailed Shrike / Lanius schach
Creted Serpent Eagle / Spilornis cheela
Black Eagle / Ictinaetus malayensis
Spotted Kestrel / Falco moluccensis
Chestnut-bellied Partridge / Arborophila javanica
Spotted Dove / Streptopelia chinensis
Dark-backed Imperial Pigeon / Ducula lacernulata
Lesser Coucal / Centropus bengalensis
Chestnut-breasted Malkoha / Rhamphococcyx curvirostris
Rusty-breasted Cuckoo / Cacomantis sepulcralis
Sunda Cuckoo / Cuculus lepidus
Javan Trogon / Apalharpactes reinwardtii
Wreathed Hornbill / Rhyticeros undulatus
Brown-throated Barbet / Psilopogon corvina
Javan Banded Broadbill / Eurylaimus javanicus
Lesser Shortwing / Brachypteryx leucophrys
Javan Whistling Thrush / Myophonus glaucinus
Blue Whistling Thrush / Myophonus caeruleus
Crescent-chested Babbler / Stachyris melanothorax
Javan Fulvetta / Alcippe pyrrhoptera
Eyebrowed Wren-babbler / Napotera epilepidota
Pygmy Wren-babbler / Pnoepyga pusilla
Pied Shrike-babbler / Pteruthius flaviscapis
Trilling Shrike-babbler / Pteruthius aenobarbus
Mountain Tailorbird / Orthotomus cuculatus
Sunda Bush Warbler / Cettia vulcania
Javan Tesia / Tesia superciliaris
Sunda Warbler / Seicercus grammiceps
Javan Bush Warbler / Bradypterus montis
Striated Grassbird / Megalurus palustris
Little Pied FLycatcher / Ficedula westermanni
Rufous-tailed Fantail / Rhipidura phoenicura
Cinereous Tit / Parus major
Blue Nuthatch / Sitta azurea
Ashy Drongo / Dicrurus leucophaeus
Other Taxa (Primate):
Javan / Silvery Gibbon / Hylobates moloch
Ebony-leaf Monkey / Trachypithecus auratus
Javan Surili / Presbytis comata fredericae
Long-tailed Macaque / Macaca fascicularis